Did you know that those spent coffee grounds in your coffee filter are the key to a happier, healthier garden? Coffee grounds can improve the health of your garden's soil, serve as a natural pest repellent, and reduce the amount of waste that goes into landfills.
Keep reading to discover why adding coffee grounds to soil is beneficial and how to use this natural resource in your garden.
Why Are Coffee Grounds Good For Plants?
We all love the aroma and taste of delicious coffee beans, but aside from being a great source of antioxidants and energy, there are many other uses of coffee around your home and garden. The freshest ground coffee beans help plants thrive by providing a rich nitrogen source. Coffee as compost material enriches your soil with additional compounds, like potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus. Coffee grounds can also inhibit the growth of weeds that rob your plants of essential nutrients and nitrogen. The caffeine in the present coffee grounds is an excellent pest repellent but very attractive to the earthworms that break down organic material, making it a valuable addition to your raised garden beds or compost bins. How To Use Coffee Grounds As Fertilizer
Most plants thrive in soil that ranges in acidity between 4.5 and 6.5 on the pH scale, when the nutrients in the soil are most available (1). What's more, the soil's pH determines the health of the microorganisms that break down organic material to produce the nutrients that plants need to grow.
Too low a pH level can render the plant nutrient manganese available at toxic levels…At a high pH level, the plant nutrient molybdenum becomes available in toxic amounts.
Plants like carrots, azaleas, blueberries, cranberries, lilies, cabbages, gooseberries, and hydrangeas thrive in soil within this range (2). Coffee is acidic, so if your plants thrive in acidic soil, it's safe to incorporate coffee grounds as a foliar feed, fertilizer, or mixed with your compost and mulch. Using Coffee Grounds In The Garden
Some plants — like tomatoes, alfalfa, lavender, orchids, and rosemary — thrive in more alkaline soil. While you can still incorporate some coffee grounds into the soil surrounding these plants, adding coffee grounds sparingly is a good idea until you know how your plants will react. Closely monitor the leaves, stems, and veins for any signs of iron deficiency or toxicity. These signs include the yellowing or death of leaves and stems. How To Use Coffee Grounds In The Garden Safely Coffee grounds raise the pH of the soil, which helps some plants absorb more nutrients. But too much coffee in garden can harm household pets, earthworms, and other microorganisms that maintain the nutrient balance in your garden. Ensure your compost has a healthy balance of green and brown material to avoid this. Green material, like coffee grounds, provides nutrients, while brown material, like dry leaves, enriches the soil with carbon (3). Avoid mixing coffee grounds directly into the soil. As coffee grounds absorb moisture, they create a puck and prevent the free drainage of water through the soil. It's better to sprinkle a small amount of coffee grounds around your plants.
Used coffee grounds for plants are a great addition to your garden. They enrich the soil with nitrogen, repel pests, feed earthworms, and make nutrients more available. Not to mention, it’s a sustainable way to dispose of your coffee waste. A true win-win-win for you, your garden, and the planet!